What is Morbid Obesity?


Diagram demonstrating the range of BMIs that fall into normal, overweight, obese, and morbidly obese

Many patients here at LIMARP® ask us,What is Morbid Obesity?” This condition occurs in patients with a body mass index or BMI of over 40, up to 15 points above the expected range. While a healthy range for BMI depends on the individual, a BMI of over 40 often puts you at risk for many health conditions, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoarthritis.

For many patients affected by obesity, losing weight is much more difficult at a higher BMI. In these situations, bariatric surgery is often a reliable option for losing weight quickly and managing health problems.

Dr. Liza Pompa has performed thousands of bariatric surgery procedures for patients with morbid obesity at our Tijuana, MX, practice to dramatically increase their quality of life and improve their overall health.

Morbid Obesity & BMI

BMI is calculated based on a height to weight ratio. It is typically broken down into several categories to reflect how healthy your weight is for your height:

  • Underweight: under 18.5

  • Normal: 18.5 to 24.9

  • Overweight: 25.5 to 29.9

  • Obese: 30.0 to 34.9

  • Severe obesity: 35.0 to 39.9

  • Morbid obesity: 40+

An individual may also be considered morbidly obese if they are 100 pounds over their body weight or if they have a BMI of 35 in addition to obesity-related health conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.

Complications of Morbid Obesity

Morbid obesity can interfere with all aspects of your daily life, from exercise to simply breathing or walking around the house. If you are morbidly obese, you are also at much greater risk for serious health problems like:

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Sleep apnea

  • Heart disease

  • Stroke

  • Gallstones

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Infertility

  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

  • Metabolic syndrome

  • Certain cancers

For many people, treating morbid obesity is consequently an integral aspect of treating their overall health.

Treating Morbid Obesity with Bariatric Surgery

As a chronic disease, the symptoms of morbid obesity build slowly over time and often require ongoing treatment. If diet and exercise fail to reduce body weight, bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss option. Potential treatments include:

  • Gastric Sleeve – This procedure reduces stomach size by as much as 80 percent. The remaining portion of the stomach is shaped into a sleeve.

  • Gastric Band - LIMARP offers both LAP-BAND® and REALIZE® gastric band systems, which are placed around the top portion of the stomach to reduce its capacity.

  • Gastric Bypass – During a gastric bypass, the stomach is made into two pouches and the intestinal tract is rearranged so that there is less room for food and less energy taken from that food.

  • Mini Gastric Bypass – While almost identical to a traditional gastric bypass, this procedure creates only one bypass instead of two.

  • Duodenal Switch – This procedure involves rerouting the small intestine and removing a large portion of the stomach and most of the duodenal.

Dr. Pompa can recommend which surgical option is best suited to your specific medical needs and weight loss goals.

Learn How Bariatric Surgery Can Treat Morbid Obesity

Bariatric surgery may be the weight loss tool you need live a healthier life. Learn how Dr. Liza Pompa can perform a bariatric procedures that delivers long-term weight loss for patients struggling with morbid obesity. Call us toll-free from the US at (866) 585-3298 or send us a message online.

Toll Free from USA (866) 585-3298