Obesity Is a Widespread but Treatable Disease
Obesity has more than doubled since 1980, and in 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight, including 600 million adults who were obese. This global epidemic affects individuals of all ages, skin colors, genders, socioeconomic statuses, and geographical locations. Unfortunately, obesity has a range of serious, far-reaching negative consequences on your health, especially for patients who are morbidly obese. To improve health and help patients live longer, healthier lives, Dr. Liza María Pompa González has developed a successful bariatric program to effectively treat obesity at our bariatric surgery center in Tijuana, Mexico.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can cause illness and significant risks for your health. Obesity can be calculated by a variety of tests, including measuring your body mass index (BMI). Patients with a BMI over 25 are considered overweight and patients with a BMI over 30 are considered obese. This worldwide health concern has increased in recent years, affecting even more adults and children.
Causes and Risk Factors for Obesity
Consuming more calories than you burn through daily physical activity or exercise can lead to weight gain and eventual obesity. Many patients who are overweight or obese also have a genetic predisposition for the disease. A patient is more likely to be obese if one of their parents is obese, or if the patient’s family has a similar, unhealthy lifestyle. Additional causes and risk factors may include:
- Hormonal changes
- Lack of physical activity
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Lack of sleep
- Certain medications
- Certain medical conditions
Complications of Obesity
There are a variety of issues that you may experience with excessive weight gain:
- Sleep apnea
- Back or joint pain
- Excessive sweating
- Hot flashes
- Rashes or infections in skin folds
- Shortness of breath after light to moderate physical activity
- Sleepiness throughout the day
Health Conditions from Obesity
Obesity can cause a number of other serious medical conditions, which can include:
- High cholesterol or triglycerides, also known as hyperlipidemia
- Cancer, including uterine, cervical, ovarian, breast, colon, rectal, and prostate
- Gall bladder problems
- Irregular menstrual cycles and infertility
- Cardiovascular disease
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome
- Liver disease not associated with alcohol
- Skin conditions such as intertrigo
- Sleep apnea
- Type 2 diabetes
Reduced Quality of Life
Obesity can greatly reduce your quality of life. Regular, day-to-day activities such as showering, brushing your hair, and getting dressed become more difficult, which can, in turn, affect your social, professional, and personal life. Significant extra weight can also make traveling more difficult and uncomfortable as well as significantly reduce your confidence. Not only can these struggles lead to severe depression and general unhappiness, but the resulting health issues can shorten your lifespan through premature aging, illness, and even death.
Do Not Let Weight Hold You Back
You can read more about the causes and treatment options for adult and childhood obesity in Dr. Pompa González’s book, How Much Does Your Life Weigh? To learn more about our bariatric program and the treatment options available for obesity, contact us today.