Bariatric Surgery and Blood Pressure

June 13, 2018 — by Liza Pompa, MD
Tags: Bariatric Surgery

Portrait of middle-aged smiling man in blue shirtHigh blood pressure is a serious problem in the United States. There are a number of risk factors associated with high blood pressure, including stress, genetics, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. One of the primary risk factors, however, is obesity.

At LIMARP®, we offer various types of bariatric surgery to help patients achieve their weight loss goals. Here, we discuss bariatric surgery and blood pressure. Contact our practice, serving patients in Tijuana, MX and San Diego, CA, to schedule your bariatric surgery consultation.

Blood Pressure: A Brief Review

By definition, blood pressure is the measure of force against the artery walls as the heart pumps blood. There are two different types of readings:

  • Systolic: The maximum pressure during a heartbeat.
  • Diastolic: The minimum pressure during a heartbeat.

Normal blood pressure is considered 120 (systolic) over 80 (diastolic). Any reading over 140/90 is considered high blood pressure.

The Link between Obesity and High Blood Pressure

There is an undeniable link between obesity and high blood pressure. For example, two-thirds of all people meeting the criteria for obesity are also at a high risk for hypertension.

Being overweight affects several systems in the body, including blood volume regulation, levels of sodium, and water retention. As a result, hypertension is a common byproduct of obesity.

Can Bariatric Surgery Decrease High Blood Pressure?

Bariatric surgery is an excellent way to lose weight and take control of your health. In fact, several research studies have concluded that bariatric surgery can have long-term positive effects on hypertension.

One 2004 article stated that 75 percent of individuals with high blood pressure either improved or eliminated the issue following bariatric surgery.

A 2006 study concluded that weight loss surgery offers significant health benefits regarding hypertension. In fact, more than half of patients with hypertension who underwent bariatric surgery no longer needed their blood pressure medication after the one-year mark.

What Are the Benefits of Lowering Blood Pressure?

You most likely know that lowering blood pressure helps improve overall health. But what are the specific benefits of reducing hypertension through bariatric surgery? Lowering your blood pressure can help:

  • Reduce the risk of stroke: Hypertension places excessive pressure on the blood vessels. If a vessel in the brain bursts, a stroke can occur. Lowering your blood pressure can help prevent a stroke from happening.
  • Improve heart health: Just as high blood pressure places strain on the vessels, it also places strain on the heart. As a result, patients can have an increased risk of coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, angina, heart attack, or heart failure. Lowering blood pressure allows your heart to work under normal conditions, mitigating any potential damage.
  • Enhance vision: Over time, high blood pressure can place strain on the optic nerve, leading to vision problems. Treating hypertension can reduce the risk for vision issues, such as hypertensive retinopathy.
  • Increase kidney health: The kidneys actually produce a hormone that aids in the regulation of high blood pressure. Hypertension damages the kidneys, resulting in a harmful cycle. Lowering your blood pressure can help prevent these issues and reduce the risk of kidney failure.

Contact Our Practice for More Information

If you are overweight and have high blood pressure, bariatric surgery could help address the issue and offer long-term results. To schedule a consultation at our practice, contact us online or call us at (866) 585-3298.

Toll Free from USA (866) 585-3298